Define the term psychological disorder and give four examples of neurodevelopmental disorders
Define the term psychological disorder and give four examples of neurodevelopmental disorders.Kindly elaborate your answer.
A psychological disorder, also known as a mental disorder, is a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple areas of life and create distress for the person experiencing them. These disorders can affect how a person thinks, feels, and behaves and can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environment, and life experiences.
There are many different types of psychological disorders, and they can be classified into various categories based on their symptoms and causes. Neurodevelopmental disorders are a category of psychological disorders that are characterized by abnormal development of the brain or central nervous system. These disorders typically begin in childhood and can affect a person’s cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning.
Four examples of neurodevelopmental disorders are:
Autism spectrum disorder: This disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and interaction and the presence of repetitive behaviors and interests.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): This disorder is characterized by difficulty paying attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
Intellectual disability: This disorder is characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior, which affect a person’s ability to learn and function in daily life.
Tourette syndrome: This disorder is characterized by repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.
It’s important to note that these are just a few examples of neurodevelopmental disorders, and there are many other types as well. Some other examples include learning disabilities, developmental coordination disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder.