White-collar crime is referred to as a non-violent crime committed through deceit with the underlying motive of financial gain. The term was coined in 1939 by an American criminologist known as Edwin Sutherland to symbolize the typical attire of the perpetrators; business professionals and government officials. In a nutshell, it was a crime often committed by white-collar jobholders. For example, the company or government upon hiring employees provides them with access to the property which the employees use for purposes not accorded to them by the employer for their financial gain, appropriation under section 3 (College Law, 2019)
The main cause of white-collar crime is that it is non-violent, and the chances of being convicted are low. Perpetrators do not feel bad committing white-collar crimes as the guilt aspect of hurting others is absent. By stealing from one’s company, the financial gain aspect overshadows the moral aspect for an employee if access is readily available and the company has a poor ethical culture. Moreover, white-collar crimes are committed by individuals of high socioeconomic status. As such, they can get the much-needed access to commit the crime and find loopholes in the judicial system that exonerates them.
The best way to control white-collar crimes is by first and foremost monitoring access given to staff and professionals. By doing so, the temptation of using the appropriated property wrongfully is limited. Second, stringent measures by government and organizations should be imposed discouraging potential perpetrators from attempting to commit fraud, bribery or theft. Creating awareness and educating the masses while empowering whistleblowers is the best way to get the community and corporate or government culture involved in the process.
College Law, “Theft – Criminal Law A2.” (2019). Retrieved 20 November 2019, from https://www.collegelaw.co.uk/criminal-law/theft/index.html